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IntroductionAbstraction Art is used interchangeably with Abstract Art as they are very synonymous with each other. Organic Abstraction, on the other hand, pertains to the use of wavy or rounded abstract forms in creating artworks. These forms are usually patterned after what was normally seen in nature. Also referred to as the Biomorphic art, this very striking art form can be observed in paintings, sculptures, and furniture design.
Although Organic Abstraction is not an actual art movement, the use of rounded or wavy abstract forms based on what one finds in nature is a feature of many mid-century artists’ works.
HistoryThis art form highly associated with Henri Bergson, a French philosopher. He believed that evolutionary processes and artistic creativity is derived from the same source. Organic Abstraction became popular in the 1930 to 1940. The term Biomorphic sculpture, on the other hand, was first coined in 1936 by Alfred H. Barr.
As an Art FormThe main purpose of Organic Abstraction is to emulate the germinal form of nature. Artworks under this genre normally use rounded and free-flowing shapes. In American design, the organic forms of biomorphic art were implemented by furniture designers to make cutting edge and modern creations. For European artists, the organic shapes and lines are mostly executed.
Famous ArtworksThe wide collections of Organic Abstraction include the two sculptures of Constantin Brancusi entitled ‘The Prodigal Son’ and ‘Blonde Negress’. There’s also Otto Freundlich’s ‘Ascension’ and Picasso’s ‘Head of a Woman’. The other notable Organic Abstraction artworks are ‘Head with Three Annoying Objects’ by Jean Arp, ‘Sun Bird’ by Joan Miro, and ‘Composition’ by Henry Moore.
Famous ArtistsOrganic Abstraction has been conveniently used by a lot of famous artists, including Wassily Kandinsky, Barbara Hepworth, and Karl Hartung, in addition to the ones named above. Two more painters who use this technique are Yves Tanguy and Arshile Gorky.