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Conceptual Art

(style, 1960’s-present)

Conceptual Art is a type of modern art based on ideas or concepts and not the actual or physical representation of them. Also referred to as Conceptualism, this rather controversial art form gives precedence over the aesthetic aspect of the art rather than its material depiction. Conceptual Art incorporates a very huge spectrum, which could include primeval painting, postmodern poetry, music, among many others.1

Fountain by Marcel Duchamp

History

All art, (after Duchamp) is conceptual (in nature) because art only exists conceptually. In Conceptual Art, the idea of a work matters more than its physical representation. Dating from the 1960’s, Conceptual Art has its roots in the early 20th century European arts movement called Dada, as well as in the writings on language and meaning by mid-century philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. Conceptual Art marked a major turning point in late 20th-century art. When it emerged in the mid 1960s, it has challenged one’s precepts not only about art, but also about politics, society, and the media. As an international art movement, Conceptual Art covered not only Western Europe and North America. It also encompassed South America, Russia, Eastern Europe, Japan, and China. Its legacy spanned globally, starting from a small local participatory project to a large-scale installation at major museums and biennales.

Influence

Many of the great influences of Conceptual Art are American modern artists whose views on the subject were closely followed. The concept was first discussed by composer and theorist Henry Flynt in his essay bearing the title “Conceptual Art” which was published in 1963. Sol Lewitt followed suit, releasing a very influential work entitled “Sentences on Conceptual Art”. Another top influencer of the Conceptual Art movement is Marcel Duchamp, a 20th century French artist who successfully broke its primacy.2

Give If You Can, Take if You Have To by Jacek Tylicki

Controversies

Being a contemporary or modern art form, the birth of Conceptual Art didn’t go by without any controversies. Conceptual artists who were nominated for the Turner Prize became a subject of ridicule and media backlash. A group of artists who called themselves as the ‘Stuckist’ publicly proclaimed their position against conceptual art, tagging it as boring and unremarkable. Notable artists in the likes of Ivan Massow and Kim Howells also announced their distaste for this particular modern art concept.3

Famous Examples

One of the famous examples of Conceptual Arts is ‘Portrait of Iris Clert’ by Robert Rauschenberg, which is a telegram sent to the Galerie Iris Clert. Another one is ‘Fountain’ by Marcel Duchamp, which is a ready-made urinal. ‘Give If You Can, Take if You Have To’ by Jacek Tylicki is also a well-celebrated conceptual art form. It is a stone sculpture built on Palolem Island, India in 2008.

Portrait of Iris Clert by Robert Rauschenberg

Famous Artists

Aside from the modern artists listed above, the famous names in Conceptual Art are Isidore Isou, Yves Klein, Wolf Vostell, Piero Manzoni, Barrie Bates aka Billy Apple, Christo, George Brecht, Henry Flynts, and Yoko Ono, among others.

References

1 http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/conceptual-art/

2 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/131001/conceptual-art

3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conceptual_art#Controversy_in_the_UK

Conceptual Artists

Alexandra Mir
May 19, 2009 / By The Artists
Art and Language
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Yves Klein
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Leidi Haaijer
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Robert Blanchon
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Niele Toroni
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Charles Gaines
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Igor Makarevich
April 2, 2009 / By The Artists
Kendell Geers
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Halil Altindere
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Catherine Forster
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Kira Lynn Harris
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mel Bochner
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stanley Brouwn
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ron Terada
July 8, 2010 / By The Artists
Angela Ferreira
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Susan Hiller
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Orlando Mohorovic
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Andrew Campbell
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Sue Williamson
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Eva Hesse
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Min Xiaofang
May 11, 2009 / By The Artists
Tadeusz Kantor
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Guillaume Bijl
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
G.H. Hovagimyan
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Allard van Hoorn
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
John Latham
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Armin Linke
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Danh Vo
October 24, 2011 / By The Artists
Andre Cadere
April 1, 2009 / By The Artists
Han Halewijn
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Willem Boshoff
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dave Muller
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Marc Bijl
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Wenda Gu
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Martha Rosler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Janice Kerbel
July 8, 2010 / By The Artists
Mary Kelly
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Jeanne van Heeswijk
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Steingrimur Eyfjord
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Katrin von Maltzahn
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Krzysztof Wodiczko
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Shozo Shimamoto
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Bethonico Mabe
April 30, 2009 / By The Artists
Abinadi Meza
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Sissel Tolaas
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ruark Lewis
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Kimsooja
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Hi-Red Center
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Georges Mathieu
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ignacio Uriarte
August 11, 2011 / By The Artists
Dermot O’Brien
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Gardar Eide Einarsson
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Daniel Bozhkov
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Keren Amiran
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Joe Jones
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Judy Chicago
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Christoph Fink
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Elisabeth Subrin
May 4, 2010 / By The Artists
Ilya Kabakov
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Nomeda & Gediminas Urbonas
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Daniela Franco
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
A.C. Tripp
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Oscar Bony
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Joseph Kosuth
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Penafiel Javier
April 27, 2009 / By The Artists
Guy Debord
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mario Garcia Torres
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dave Bown
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Tomo Savic Gecan
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mieko Shiomi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Sol LeWitt
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Alejandro Cesarco
August 9, 2011 / By The Artists
Otto Berchem
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Luis Camnitzer
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mark Bain
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Luis Molina-Pantin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Via Lewandowsky
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lygia Clark
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Katya Sander
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Emily Roysdon
May 4, 2010 / By The Artists
Tadej Pogacar
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Louise Lawler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Erick Duyckaerts
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Marinus Boezem
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Tibor Hajas
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Hamish Fulton
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Da Costa Beatriz
April 24, 2009 / By The Artists
Pavel Buchler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dan Perjovschi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Aleksandra Mir
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Guy Rombouts
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stephen Willats
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Graciela Carnevale
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Diego Castro
July 22, 2011 / By The Artists
Marcel Duchamp
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Bruce Nauman
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ana Mendieta
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lydia Dona
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists

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