Anni Albers | the artist
The artist Anni Albers
Born June 12 1899, Berlin, Germany.
Died May 9 1994, Orange, Connecticut, USA.
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Born Annelise Else Frieda Fleischmann. Textile artist.
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The Josef & Anni Albers Foundation
She was a student at the Bauhaus from 1922, received her Diploma in 1930, then was Assistant Director of weaving. Having been at all three Bauhaus locations Weimar, Dessau and Berlin and having brought the philosophy to America, she is irrevocably associated with the Arts and Crafts Movement. There she investigated weaving materials and their properties systematically, something reflected in her teaching lifelong. Some saw her as using unorthodox materials for weaving, a new idea then but in sync with the Bauhaus philosophy. For her Degree she produced drapery fabric for an auditorium in Bernau with qualities of both sound absorption by using chenille on the fabric back and of light reflection by using cellophane on the front. At the Bauhaus, industry and science and art were blended for functional and commercial use.
In the 1940's Anni Albers' weavings were shown throughout the US and she published many articles on textiles and design, culminating in her 1949 show at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The first of its kind for a textile artist at MoMA, the exhibition toured the US from 1951 until 1953, establishing Albers as the most famous weaver of the day. Albers worked primarily in textiles and then, late in life, as a printmaker. Her first prints were made in 1963 at the Tamarind Institute after which most of her time was devoted to the practices of lithography and screenprinting…