Conceptual Art

(style, 1960’s-present)

Conceptual Art is a type of modern art based on ideas or concepts and not the actual or physical representation of them. Also referred to as Conceptualism, this rather controversial art form gives precedence over the aesthetic aspect of the art rather than its material depiction. Conceptual Art incorporates a very huge spectrum, which could include primeval painting, postmodern poetry, music, among many others.1

Fountain by Marcel Duchamp

History

All art, (after Duchamp) is conceptual (in nature) because art only exists conceptually. In Conceptual Art, the idea of a work matters more than its physical representation. Dating from the 1960’s, Conceptual Art has its roots in the early 20th century European arts movement called Dada, as well as in the writings on language and meaning by mid-century philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. Conceptual Art marked a major turning point in late 20th-century art. When it emerged in the mid 1960s, it has challenged one’s precepts not only about art, but also about politics, society, and the media. As an international art movement, Conceptual Art covered not only Western Europe and North America. It also encompassed South America, Russia, Eastern Europe, Japan, and China. Its legacy spanned globally, starting from a small local participatory project to a large-scale installation at major museums and biennales.

Influence

Many of the great influences of Conceptual Art are American modern artists whose views on the subject were closely followed. The concept was first discussed by composer and theorist Henry Flynt in his essay bearing the title “Conceptual Art” which was published in 1963. Sol Lewitt followed suit, releasing a very influential work entitled “Sentences on Conceptual Art”. Another top influencer of the Conceptual Art movement is Marcel Duchamp, a 20th century French artist who successfully broke its primacy.2

Give If You Can, Take if You Have To by Jacek Tylicki

Controversies

Being a contemporary or modern art form, the birth of Conceptual Art didn’t go by without any controversies. Conceptual artists who were nominated for the Turner Prize became a subject of ridicule and media backlash. A group of artists who called themselves as the ‘Stuckist’ publicly proclaimed their position against conceptual art, tagging it as boring and unremarkable. Notable artists in the likes of Ivan Massow and Kim Howells also announced their distaste for this particular modern art concept.3

Famous Examples

One of the famous examples of Conceptual Arts is ‘Portrait of Iris Clert’ by Robert Rauschenberg, which is a telegram sent to the Galerie Iris Clert. Another one is ‘Fountain’ by Marcel Duchamp, which is a ready-made urinal. ‘Give If You Can, Take if You Have To’ by Jacek Tylicki is also a well-celebrated conceptual art form. It is a stone sculpture built on Palolem Island, India in 2008.

Portrait of Iris Clert by Robert Rauschenberg

Famous Artists

Aside from the modern artists listed above, the famous names in Conceptual Art are Isidore Isou, Yves Klein, Wolf Vostell, Piero Manzoni, Barrie Bates aka Billy Apple, Christo, George Brecht, Henry Flynts, and Yoko Ono, among others.

References

1 http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/conceptual-art/

2 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/131001/conceptual-art

3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conceptual_art#Controversy_in_the_UK

Conceptual Artists

Duman Alberto
April 18, 2009 / By The Artists
Michael Snow
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Hans Haacke
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Wil Frenken
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Barbara Rosenthal
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Victor Burgin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Superflex group
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Navid Nuur
June 13, 2011 / By The Artists
Yevgeniy Fiks
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Eleanor Antin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stephen Shanabrook
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
James Ford
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dimitrije Basicevic Mangelos
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Akasegawa Genpei
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Parastou Forouhar
December 17, 2009 / By The Artists
Lawrence Weiner
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Inigo Manglano-Ovalle
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dana Sederowsky
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Klaus Staeck
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mierle-Laderman Ukeles
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Bas Jan Ader
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Pilis Alexander
April 16, 2009 / By The Artists
Erick Beltran
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Allan McCollum
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Shai Zakai
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Little Warsaw
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
David Antin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Helio Oiticica
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Gintaras Didziapetris
June 12, 2011 / By The Artists
Kay Rosen
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lygia Pape
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Kris Martin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stephen Yadzinski
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Fernando Picasso
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
George Maciunas
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Noa Tsaushu
June 7, 2009 / By The Artists
Naomi Kashiwagi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Carsten Holler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Daniel Flahiff
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Denis Masi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Braco Dimitrijevic
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Kiki Smith
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Paul Miller
April 13, 2009 / By The Artists
Ade Darmawan
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Giulio Paolini
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
T J Silverlake
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ben Vautier
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stephen Kaltenbach
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Piero Manzoni
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Guy de Cointet
June 12, 2011 / By The Artists
Adrian Piper
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Bernar Venet
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Elaine Reichek
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
William Anastasi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Alain Declercq
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Robert Morris
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Zoya Cherkassky
May 30, 2009 / By The Artists
John Baldessari
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Joseph Beuys
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Richard Aber
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Christian Philipp Mueller
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Jaroslaw Kozlowski
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
John Hilliard
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Jean Dupuy
April 7, 2009 / By The Artists
Huseyin Alptekin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Claire Fontaine
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Joel Tauber
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Michael Winkler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Douglas Huebler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Komar and Melamid
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Goldberg and Faivovich
March 23, 2011 / By The Artists
Honore d’O
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dan Graham
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Julius Deutschbauer
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Jason Dodge
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Anna Livia Lowendahl-Atomic
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Shigeko Kubota
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Sigalit Landau
May 27, 2009 / By The Artists
Michael Asher
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Michael Craig-Martin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Sejla Kameric
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Markus Raetz
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Yutaka Matsuzawa
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Sophie Calle
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Timm Ulrichs
April 4, 2009 / By The Artists
Simon Patterson
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Roman Opalka
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lia Chavez
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Maura Biava
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Robert Barry
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Vito Acconci
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ian Wallace
March 23, 2011 / By The Artists
Tatsuo Miyajima
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Jorge Eielson
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Alicia Frankovich
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Tilo Schulz
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Marie Yates
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Allan Kaprow
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Alexandra Mir
May 19, 2009 / By The Artists

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