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Conceptual Art

(style, 1960’s-present)

Conceptual Art is a type of modern art based on ideas or concepts and not the actual or physical representation of them. Also referred to as Conceptualism, this rather controversial art form gives precedence over the aesthetic aspect of the art rather than its material depiction. Conceptual Art incorporates a very huge spectrum, which could include primeval painting, postmodern poetry, music, among many others.1

Fountain by Marcel Duchamp

History

All art, (after Duchamp) is conceptual (in nature) because art only exists conceptually. In Conceptual Art, the idea of a work matters more than its physical representation. Dating from the 1960’s, Conceptual Art has its roots in the early 20th century European arts movement called Dada, as well as in the writings on language and meaning by mid-century philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. Conceptual Art marked a major turning point in late 20th-century art. When it emerged in the mid 1960s, it has challenged one’s precepts not only about art, but also about politics, society, and the media. As an international art movement, Conceptual Art covered not only Western Europe and North America. It also encompassed South America, Russia, Eastern Europe, Japan, and China. Its legacy spanned globally, starting from a small local participatory project to a large-scale installation at major museums and biennales.

Influence

Many of the great influences of Conceptual Art are American modern artists whose views on the subject were closely followed. The concept was first discussed by composer and theorist Henry Flynt in his essay bearing the title “Conceptual Art” which was published in 1963. Sol Lewitt followed suit, releasing a very influential work entitled “Sentences on Conceptual Art”. Another top influencer of the Conceptual Art movement is Marcel Duchamp, a 20th century French artist who successfully broke its primacy.2

Give If You Can, Take if You Have To by Jacek Tylicki

Controversies

Being a contemporary or modern art form, the birth of Conceptual Art didn’t go by without any controversies. Conceptual artists who were nominated for the Turner Prize became a subject of ridicule and media backlash. A group of artists who called themselves as the ‘Stuckist’ publicly proclaimed their position against conceptual art, tagging it as boring and unremarkable. Notable artists in the likes of Ivan Massow and Kim Howells also announced their distaste for this particular modern art concept.3

Famous Examples

One of the famous examples of Conceptual Arts is ‘Portrait of Iris Clert’ by Robert Rauschenberg, which is a telegram sent to the Galerie Iris Clert. Another one is ‘Fountain’ by Marcel Duchamp, which is a ready-made urinal. ‘Give If You Can, Take if You Have To’ by Jacek Tylicki is also a well-celebrated conceptual art form. It is a stone sculpture built on Palolem Island, India in 2008.

Portrait of Iris Clert by Robert Rauschenberg

Famous Artists

Aside from the modern artists listed above, the famous names in Conceptual Art are Isidore Isou, Yves Klein, Wolf Vostell, Piero Manzoni, Barrie Bates aka Billy Apple, Christo, George Brecht, Henry Flynts, and Yoko Ono, among others.

References

1 http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/conceptual-art/

2 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/131001/conceptual-art

3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conceptual_art#Controversy_in_the_UK

Conceptual Artists

Timm Ulrichs
April 4, 2009 / By Nick Hasche
Simon Patterson
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Roman Opalka
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Lia Chavez
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Maura Biava
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Robert Barry
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Vito Acconci
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Ian Wallace
March 23, 2011 / By Nick Hasche
Tatsuo Miyajima
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Jorge Eielson
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Alicia Frankovich
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Tilo Schulz
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Marie Yates
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Allan Kaprow
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Alexandra Mir
May 19, 2009 / By Nick Hasche
Art and Language
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Yves Klein
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Leidi Haaijer
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Robert Blanchon
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Niele Toroni
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Charles Gaines
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Igor Makarevich
April 2, 2009 / By Nick Hasche
Kendell Geers
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Halil Altindere
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Catherine Forster
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Kira Lynn Harris
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Mel Bochner
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Stanley Brouwn
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Ron Terada
July 8, 2010 / By Nick Hasche
Angela Ferreira
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Susan Hiller
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Orlando Mohorovic
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Andrew Campbell
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Sue Williamson
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Eva Hesse
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Min Xiaofang
May 11, 2009 / By Nick Hasche
Tadeusz Kantor
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Guillaume Bijl
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
G.H. Hovagimyan
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Allard van Hoorn
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
John Latham
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Armin Linke
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Danh Vo
October 24, 2011 / By Nick Hasche
Andre Cadere
April 1, 2009 / By Nick Hasche
Han Halewijn
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Willem Boshoff
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Dave Muller
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Marc Bijl
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Wenda Gu
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Martha Rosler
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Janice Kerbel
July 8, 2010 / By Nick Hasche
Mary Kelly
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Jeanne van Heeswijk
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Steingrimur Eyfjord
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Katrin von Maltzahn
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Krzysztof Wodiczko
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Shozo Shimamoto
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Bethonico Mabe
April 30, 2009 / By Nick Hasche
Abinadi Meza
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Sissel Tolaas
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Ruark Lewis
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Kimsooja
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Hi-Red Center
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Georges Mathieu
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Ignacio Uriarte
August 11, 2011 / By Nick Hasche
Dermot O’Brien
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Gardar Eide Einarsson
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Daniel Bozhkov
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Keren Amiran
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Joe Jones
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Judy Chicago
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Christoph Fink
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Elisabeth Subrin
May 4, 2010 / By Nick Hasche
Ilya Kabakov
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Nomeda & Gediminas Urbonas
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Daniela Franco
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
A.C. Tripp
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Oscar Bony
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Joseph Kosuth
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Penafiel Javier
April 27, 2009 / By Nick Hasche
Guy Debord
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Mario Garcia Torres
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Dave Bown
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Tomo Savic Gecan
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Mieko Shiomi
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Sol LeWitt
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Alejandro Cesarco
August 9, 2011 / By Nick Hasche
Otto Berchem
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Luis Camnitzer
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Mark Bain
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Luis Molina-Pantin
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Via Lewandowsky
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Lygia Clark
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Katya Sander
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Emily Roysdon
May 4, 2010 / By Nick Hasche
Tadej Pogacar
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Louise Lawler
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Erick Duyckaerts
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche
Marinus Boezem
December 28, 2008 / By Nick Hasche

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