Paris-based BMPT (Buren, Mosset, Parmentier and
Toroni) group of painters in the mid-1960s. The group brought forth questions about the notions of authorship and originality, implying that they often did each others works, and that the art object was more important than its authorship.
The group pursues a radical criticism of the traditional methods
of art by theorizing its new social and political function. Daniel Buren,
starting with its first exhibition in 1966, has practically reduced his way of
painting to a series of vertical stripes of 8.7 cmt large, alternatively white
or colored; a sort of uniform and neutral zero grade suitable to infinite
repetitions. The artist can thus activate such system on an infinite variety of
media, which he inserts in public places (old walls, posters, squares, streets,
subway stations, etc.).