(technique, of all times-present)
Painting is the practice of applying paint, or pigment (color) onto a surface. The word “Painting” is both a noun and a verb. It is the “act” and the finished product. The first traces of pigment on surface (ground) date back to the cave man. He would ground up earth, charcoal and minerals to create a colored powder which he would then mix with saliva or animal fat to create a liquid. Using his fingers, or blowing through a hollow reed, he would apply the paint onto the wall of the cave. The images he created were usually of hunting scenes. Even then man felt the need to record or narrate an event and to share or express a feeling or idea. Since then, and until today, the act of Painting hasn’t changed. Artists paint aspects of the visible word, such as people, landscapes and objects. They also record events, such as scenes from history or literature. And of course they also paint from their imagination, and use color, shapes, and lines to express their feeling, moods or ideas.


Artists Painting:

What Is Painting? is the fourth in a series of installations drawn from the Museum’s collection of contemporary art. It presents a selection of artworks made since approximately 1965, including a number of recent acquisitions and many works displayed for the first time since the Museum’s reopening. A variety of responses to the question "What is painting?" are proposed in loose chronological sequence, ranging from ironic to sincere; from figurative to abstract; and from an embrace and creative reimagining of painting’s possibilities to a critical engagement with its limits.
Painting is a mode of expression, and the forms are numerous. Drawing, composition or abstraction and other aesthetics may serve to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner. Paintings can be naturalistic and representational (as in a still life or landscape painting), photographic, abstract, be loaded with narrative content, symbolism, emotion or be political in nature…wikipedia

An interesting article on the history of drawing
written by Helen B. Mules, Associate Curator of Drawings at The Metropolitan Museum of Art

An interesting article
Nice resource of various types of paintings