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Futurism
(movement, 1909-1914)


Futurism is an early 20th-century artistic movement that centered in Italy and emphasized the dynamism, speed, energy, and power of a machine, as well as the vitality, change, and restlessness of modern life in general. The most significant results of this movement were in visual arts and poetry.

Flippo Tommaso Marinetti Futurist Manifesto

History

Referred to as an avant-garde movement then, Futurism was established in 1909 in Milan by Flippo Tommaso Marinetti, an Italian poet. Marinetti officially launched Futurism through his masterpiece entitled ‘Futurist Manifesto’ published in La Gazzetta dell’Emilia on February 5, 1909. Not long after, many modern artists, painters, and composers joined him1, forming small art galleries in reverence to the newly established movement.

However, the evolution of style and subject of Futurism was rather slow. It took almost two years to develop Giovani Segantini’s Divisionism technique, a Futurism technique which uses colors and breaking lights into a field of stippled stripes and dots.2 It also took some time before the artistic concepts of Futurism were applied to architecture, furniture, literature, film, music, and a range of other art forms.

Natalia Goncharova's Cyclist
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Legacy and Influences

Futurism has influenced many succeeding art movements in the 20th century. Art Deco, Dada, Constructivism, Vorticism, Cubism, and Surrealism are among the ones that are closely associated to it. Eventually, Futurism also evolved into Neo-Futurism, which an art movement that is driven by modern technology.

Giacomo Balla's Abstract Speed Sound (1913)

Famous Artworks

An art gallery featuring interesting Futurism artworks will most likely seem to glorify the day’s new technologies. This is why the common subject is oftentimes automobiles. And such a collection is clearly in pure contrast with the cultural traditions preserved by a number of museums and art galleries. Even so, there are hundreds of very notable Futurism artworks on display in art galleries all over the world, made by modern artists. Some of the famous examples of Futurism artworks are Giacomo Balla’s ‘Abstract Speed + Sound’ (1913), Umberto Boccioni’s ‘The City Rises’ (1910), and Natalia Goncharova’s ‘Cyclist’ (1913).

Giacomo Balla Abstract Speed Sound Futurism Artwork

Famous Artists

The chief modern artists of futurism include Umberto Boccioni, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, Carlo Carra, and Luigi Russolo. However, even famed artists like Pablo Picasso and Christopher R.W. Nevinson has artworks that are closely identified with the artistic elements of Futurism. Many art galleries take pride in featuring Futurism artists, which list also includes Italian artist Anton Giulio Bragaglia, Russian painter David Burliuk, Bulgarian designer Nikolay Diulgheroff, Turkish poet Nazim Hikmet, and Portuguese novelist Almada Negreiros, among others.

References

1http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/222921/Futurism 2http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futurism#Italian_Futurism

Artists Futurism:
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Futurism was an international art movement founded in Italy in 1909. It was (and is) a refreshing contrast to the weepy sentimentalism of Romanticism. The Futurists loved speed, noise, machines, pollution, and cities; they embraced the exciting new world that was then upon them rather than hypocritically enjoying the modern world’s comforts while loudly denouncing the forces that made them possible. Fearing and attacking technology has become almost second nature to many people today; the Futurist manifestos show us an alternative philosophy…
Painters, poets and writers.
n a stylistic idiom that integrated some of the techniques of Cubism [more] and Divisionism, the Futurists glorified the energy and speed of modern life together with the dynamism and violence of the new technological society. In their manifestos, art, poetry, and theatrical events, they celebrated automobiles, airplanes, machine guns, and other phenomena that they associated with modernity; they denounced moralism and feminism, as well as museums and libraries, which they considered static institutions of an obsolete culture…




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