(technique, -present)

The act of Drawing is the application of a medium onto a surface, usually paper. The medium can be, amongst others:  pen, pencil, charcoal, graphite, metal point, ink or chalk. Drawing has been understood in different ways in different times, and is difficult to define. During the Renaissance the term ‘disegno’ implied a technique to be distinguished from coloring and also as the means for making visible the creative idea in a preliminary sketch. At that time and still today, Drawing was a means for the artist to explore and research the visual world and his imaginings. The French artist, Henri Matisse (1869 – 1954) said “drawing is like putting a line round an idea.”  Historically artists drew or sketched their visual motif in preparation for a painting. Today, drawings are not only the pre- recordings, but they are works in their own right.
Many artists have tried to define drawing. Spencer Frederick Gore (1878 - 1914), a British Landscape painter said: “‘By drawing, man has extended his ability to see and comprehend what he sees.’
John Ruskin,(1819 – 1900) a leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as a draughtsman insisted on the necessity of drawing when he said: “The art of drawing which is of more real importance to the human race than that of writing…should be taught to every child just as writing is.’
But perhaps Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) said it most eloquently when he said: ‘Drawing is a kind of hypnotism: one looks in such a way at the model, that he comes and takes a seat on the paper.’

Artists Drawing:

An article from Drawing Connections
An article from ArtMine
A nice article from Victoria and Albert Museum site