Along with Armando, Henk Peeters and Jan Henderikse, Schoonhoven established the Dutch branch of the international Zero Movement in the early 1960s. Zero stood for a return to the essence – by working with everyday materials, for example, as in a relief made of toilet rolls that will be included in the exhibition. Schoonhoven saw the spatial works of Piero Manzoni and Lucio Fontana, and began to produce reliefs. Slowly but surely his paintings transformed into sculptures: objects with a regularly divided plane, repeated patterns that never become mechanical because the hand of the maker is always visible. ‘You have to strive for the minimum, but you can never do it anonymously’, Schoonhoven once said, in perhaps the best explanation of what he was striving for in his art.
Van 1932 tot 1936 volgde Johannes Jacobus Schoonhoven de opleiding aan de Koninklijke Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in Den Haag.
Zijn eerste reliëfs, structuren van hout, karton en later papier maché, dat hij wit maakte, dateren van omstreeks 1955…
Schoonhoven represents Dutch conceptual painting in the spirit of Piet Mondrian.
The white square as the basic unit of the work grows denser and gradually attains a more material form in the relief-like work. The parts of the work have been carefully named in imitation of the scientific approach. The expression is minimal and follows the order decided in the planning stage, which is evidenced in the methodicalness, seriality and repetition…