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Franz Marc | the artist



The artist Franz Marc
Born Febr 8 1880, Munich, Germany.
Died March 4 1916, Verdun, France.
Style and technique of the artist: Blaue Reiter, Painting, Expressionism, Documenta Kassel,

German expressionist painter from the Blaue Reiter Group. Born in Munich, studied at the Academy there. Travelled to France and Greece. Was friends with August Macke and met Kandinsky in 1911. Franz Marc was killed in World War I at the age of thirty-six.


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Marc suffered from severe depressions from 1904 to 1907. In 1907, he went again to Paris, where he responded enthusiastically to the work of Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, the Cubists, and the Expressionists; later, he was impressed by the Henri Matisse exhibition in Munich in 1910...

Marc's later colour theory changed slightly and is clearly demonstrated with the work Rehe im Walde II (Deer in the Woods II, 1914; Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe ) which presents a family of three deer in which the buck is depicted in blue, the doe in red, and the fawn in yellow. In this work blue is still used to represent masculinity and yellow still represents the sense of joy of the youngest deer, but red has now developed to represent motherhood.One can appreciate how the idea of red being associated with matter and earth evolved into the idea that it can represent motherhood. Marc's application of his colour theory was, however, abandoned where appropriate: in Der Tiger (The Tiger) the animal is depicted in yellow but the sense of playfulness and joy, as outlined in Marc's colour theory, is far from the mood evoked.16 In this painting it is the geometrical composition and angular shapes and lines which dominate as opposed to colour...

The Franz Marc Museum in Kochel am See was founded in 1986 to pay homage to the life and work of this important artist of the 20th century. Franz Marc had a particular connection to the landscape around Kochel during his lifetime. Back when he was a child and later as an academy student many stays in and around Kochel are known about. In 1908 Marc moved to live in the Upper Bavarian alpine upland – he stayed in Lenggries, Sindelsdorf and from 1914 in Ried near Kochel, where he bought a house...