Dani Karavan was born in Tel Aviv on December 7, 1930. He was a member of a kibbutz, and studied art in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, and Florence (fresco). In the 1960’s and ‘70s Karavan did bas-relief work (Knesset, Jerusalem) and stage sets (Martha Graham, Giancarlo Menotti, Batsheva Dance Company). However, what defines him most is large-scale site specific environmental sculpture. His Negev Monument (1963-68, Israel) is one of the first examples of such art.