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National Gallery London UK


The National Gallery is a major art museum in the United Kingdom. It houses more than 2,300 paintings from the traditional and abstract art movements spanning from the 13th century up to the present time. The National Gallery of London is under the sponsorship of the Department for Culture, Media, and Sport. Currently, it is ranked as the 4th most visited museum in the world.

















Location

Located on Trafalgar Square in London, the National Gallery receives more than 6 million visitors annually. As a major Central London attraction, it is the 2nd most revered museum when ranked according to popularity and the number of visitors attracted. Needless to say, the National Gallery London has served as the home of many modern artists and abstract art painters to date.

History

The National Gallery was established after the British government bought the collection that was previously owned by John Julius Angerstein. The collection, which consisted of 38 paintings that included works by Raphael and Hogarth, became the first items on exhibit when the National Gallery was officially opened to the public on May 10, 1824.

The National Gallery London used to be housed at No. 100 Pall Mall. But when its collection grew following the acquisition of the Beaumont collection and the Rev. William Holwell Carr bequest, it was forced to transfer to a much bigger location. Not long after, the construction of its own building on King’s News in Charring Cross was approved. King’s News eventually became the Trafalgar Square. Since then, the National Gallery became a significant place for abstract art and modern artists. In 1989, it started to invite modern artists to create work based on the gallery’s permanent collections. A few of these modern artists are Michael Landy who served from 2009 to 2013; Alison Watt who worked from 2006 to 2008; and John Virtue who served from 2003 to 2005.

Main Exhibitions

The world-famous paintings and abstract art pieces displayed at the National Gallery in London is divided into four different exhibit sections, namely the 13th to 15th century paintings, the 16th century paintings, the 17th century paintings, and the 18th to early 20th century paintings.These classifications make it easier for a spectator to view the paintings according to era and to further appreciate the influences of the modern artists.



















Main Artists

The main artists that appears on the roster of the National Gallery London include Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Titan, Michelangelo, Rembrandt, Sandro Botticelli, Jan van Eyck, Giovanni Bellini, Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet, Johannes Vermeer, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, and Joseph Mallord William Turner, among others.

Main Artworks

The major paintings on display at the National Gallery in London were works of renaissance and modern artists such as ‘Venus and Mars’ by Sandro Botticelli, ‘The Virgin of the Rocks’ by Leonardo da Vinci, ‘The Madonna of the Pinks’ by Raphael, ‘Self Portrait at the Age of 34’ by Rembrandt, ‘The Supper at Emmaus’ by Michelangelo, ‘The Water Lily Pond’ by Claude Monet, and ‘Sunflowers’ by Vincent van Gogh.





















































References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery#Foundation_and_early_history

http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/collection-overview/